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In Stock. Book Description Condition: New. Seller Inventory n. Never used! This item is printed on demand. Ivy M. Alexander; Karla A. Alexander ; Karla A. This specific ISBN edition is currently not available. View all copies of this ISBN edition:. Synopsis About this title Approximately ten million Americans have osteoporosis and thirty-four million have osteopenia low bone mass with many more at risk. Buy New Learn more about this copy. Other Popular Editions of the Same Title. In an easy-to-read format, Ivy Alexander and Karla Knight offer readers comprehensive information on a range of osteoporosis-related topics, from prevention, to recognizing fractures, to treatment options.
It is a must-read for all, especially those in mid-life years. There are no reviews for this product! Write a Review. Related Items Quick View.
Add To Cart. Quick View. Recently Viewed Items. Stay Connected. Research highly supports high intensity training in the prevention of bone lost for women in menopausal years and early stage post menopausal.
High intensity training would include body-weight and resistive exercises at a high intensity, similar to circuit training. This type of training is often contraindicated for individuals with low bone mass. A Cochrane review has been completed to determine the best exercise for prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.
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The population was healthy post menopausal females, age Duration of the intervention was at the least ten months, several lasting over a year. The majority of the studies has a frequency of 2- 3 days per week. The results were that combination of exercise promotes greatest improvements in bone mass at the spine, wards triangle, and the femoral trochanter.
Dynamic weight-bearing, high force exercise results with greatest improvements at the femoral neck and moderate results at the femoral trochanter. Dynamic weight-bearing, low force exercise had moderate positive effects at the spine. Non-weight-bearing, high force exercise were shown to have moderate effects at the femoral neck. Metabolic bone diseases results in impaired healing rates, therefore should be considered when determining prognosis.
Manipulations: A strong precaution should be taken before performing manual techniques such as manipulations or joint assessments that may increase an individuals risk for fractures, especially in the spine. Further studies need to be conducted to determine clinical guidelines for manipulation in osteoporotic individuals. Body Weight Supported Treadmill Training: It is contraindicated to use body weight supported treadmill training with individuals who have severe osteoporosis or lower extremity, pelvic, or rib fracture.
Staff View: Prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis :
Severe osteoporosis is considered a T-score greater than 2. Practice Patterns:  level of evidence 5. Diet has a direct correlation to bone growth and as we age we may not be absorbing the adequate amount of calcium. By including a variety of calcium-rich foods, such as milk, cheese, almonds, broccoli, and cauliflower you can make sure that you are getting the amount of calcium that you need. When the kidneys flush out excess protein they also flush out calcium.
Caffeine is also known to inhibit calcium absorption so you should limit your caffeine intake to the equivalent of 3 cups of coffee a day.
100 Questions & Answers About Osteoporosis and Osteopenia
While most leafy green vegetables are a great addition to the diet of someone with osteoporosis it has been shown that oxalate acid that is found in spinach prevents absorption of calcium in the stomach. Kale and other geen vegetables that contain calcium would be better choices. Vitamin supplements may also be necessary when managing osteoporosis. According to the University of Maryland Medical Center UMMC , 1, milligrams of calcium, taken in 3 doses of milligrams per day, is an effective supplement to strengthen the bones and prevent further bone loss.
Other vitamins that are recommended to retain bone strength are vitamins D and K. But be careful not to exceed 1, milligrams of vitamin D or micrograms of vitamin K daily. Another helpful addition would be to add 4 grams of fish oils to help increase the amount of calcium that your body absorbs and decrease the amount it loses. It is important to ensure the cause of low bone denisty has been properly diagnoised.
The treatments will vary greatly. Journal of the American Physical Therapy Association www. Cochrane Review onlinelibrary.
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May cause an allergic reaction and unpleasant side effects including flushing of the face and hands, urinary frequency, nausea, and a skin rash.
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Increased risk of endometrial and breast cancer, vaginal bleeding, breast tenderness, gallbladder disease, stroke, venous blood clot, cognitive decline. May lower calcium levels in the blood.
May also increase the risk of injection and skin rashes.