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Nanoscale Properties of Solid–Liquid Interfaces | SpringerLink
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Back to tab navigation Download options Please wait Article type: Paper. Optimizing a novel implicit-solvent model in diverse solvent environments Spencer Matthew Goossens.
Charge distribution effects in the solution chemistry of polyatomic ions Jr. William Fawcett. Unraveling the behavior of the individual ionic activity coefficients on the basis of the balance of ion-ion and ion-water interactions.
Nonlinear electrostatics: the Poisson-Boltzmann equation Cary G. Gray , Phillip J.
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Fb Random walks and Levy flights Jc Brownian motion Ac Low-dimensional chaos Df Fractals Mt Quantum chaos; semiclassical methods Tp Time series analysis Xt Synchronization; coupled oscillators Yv Solitons Gg Quantum transport Ce Thermodynamic functions and equations of state Fh Phase transitions: general studies Ln Nonequilibrium and irreversible thermodynamics Np Interface and surface thermodynamics Dk Measurement and error theory Fn Units and standards Jr Determination of fundamental constants Bp Spatial dimensions e. Dr Mass and density Ft Time and frequency Jn High-speed techniques microsecond to femtosecond Bx Computer systems: hardware, operating systems, computer languages, and utilities Fb Design of experiments Hd Data acquisition: hardware and software Kf Data analysis: algorithms and implementation; data management Mh Neural networks, fuzzy logic, artificial intelligence Tp Computer modeling and simulation Wr Computer interfaces Df Sensors chemical, optical, electrical, movement, gas, etc.
Hj Display and recording equipment, oscilloscopes, TV cameras, etc. Mp Transducers Pz Instruments for strain, force, and torque Dt Thermometers Hy Furnaces; heaters Ka High-temperature instrumentation; pyrometers Mc Cryogenics; refrigerators, low-temperature detectors, and other low-temperature equipment Pe Heat engines; heat pumps; heat pipes Cy Vacuum pumps Ek Circuits and circuit components Db Generation of magnetic fields; magnets Ge Magnetometers for magnetic field measurements Kp Bolometers; infrared, submillimeter wave, microwave, and radiowave receivers and detectors Pt Submillimeter wave, microwave and radiowave spectrometers; magnetic resonance spectrometers, auxiliary equipment, and techniques Ty Infrared spectrometers, auxiliary equipment, and techniques Dq Photometers, radiometers, and colorimeters Hv Refractometers and reflectometers Ly Interferometers Pb Conventional optical microscopes Rd Visible and ultraviolet spectrometers Vg Fiber-optic instruments Gx Atomic and molecular beam sources and detectors Ka Charged-particle beam sources and detectors Cz Scanning tunneling microscopes Fc Near-field scanning optical microscopes Tt X-ray microscopes Cd Axiomatic approach Ef Lagrangian and Hamiltonian approach Gh Renormalization Hi Renormalization group evolution of parameters Jj Asymptotic problems and properties Kk Field theories in dimensions other than four Lm Nonlinear or nonlocal theories and models St Bound and unstable states; Bethe-Salpeter equations Wx Finite-temperature field theory Bt General properties of perturbation theory Ex Spontaneous breaking of gauge symmetries Ha Lattice gauge theory Kc Classical and semiclassical techniques Pg Expansions for large numbers of components e.
Yc Chern-Simons gauge theory Db Properties of perturbation theory Hf Conformal field theory, algebraic structures Mj Compactification and four-dimensional models Wx String and brane phenomenology Er Charge conjugation, parity, time reversal, and other discrete symmetries Fs Global symmetries e. Ly Other internal and higher symmetries Na Nonlinear and dynamical symmetries spectrum-generating symmetries Pb Supersymmetry Qc Spontaneous and radiative symmetry breaking Rd Chiral symmetries Ex Formal properties of current algebras Ha Partially conserved axial-vector currents Bq Analytic properties of S matrix Fv Dispersion relations Hx Sum rules Jy Regge formalism Cr Kinematical properties helicity and invariant amplitudes, kinematic singularities, etc.
Et Partial-wave analysis Jy Many-body scattering and Faddeev equation Dm Unified theories and models of strong and electroweak interactions Kt Unification of couplings; mass relations Ff Quark and lepton masses and mixing Lk Electroweak radiative corrections Mm Neutral currents Ds Specific calculations Fv Experimental tests Aw General properties of QCD dynamics, confinement, etc. Bx Perturbative calculations Gc Lattice QCD calculations Mh Quark-gluon plasma Qk Experimental tests Ba Bag model Dc Skyrmions Fe Chiral Lagrangians Jh Nonrelativistic quark model Pn Potential models Ee Statistical models Yx Hadron mass models and calculations Eb Decays of K mesons He Decays of bottom mesons Jf Decays of other mesons Es Decays of K mesons Ft Decays of charmed mesons Hw Decays of bottom mesons Jx Decays of other mesons Ce Leptonic, semileptonic, and radiative decays Eg Hadronic decays Bv Decays of muons Em Electric and magnetic moments Gp Electromagnetic form factors Hq Electromagnetic decays Ks Electromagnetic corrections to strong- and weak-interaction processes Fz Elastic and Compton scattering Hb Total and inclusive cross sections including deep-inelastic processes Le Meson production Rj Baryon production Cs Nucleon-nucleon interactions Ev Hyperon-nucleon interactions Gx Pion-baryon interactions Jz Kaon-baryon interactions Lb Meson-meson interactions Dz Elastic scattering Fb Inelastic scattering: two-particle final states Hd Inelastic scattering: many-particle final states Lg Total cross sections Ni Inclusive production with identified hadrons Qk Inclusive production with identified leptons, photons, or other nonhadronic particles Tp Cosmic-ray interactions Ce Production Dh Protons and neutrons Jn Hyperons Pt Exotic baryons Aq pi, K , and eta mesons Ev Other strange mesons Cd Electrons including positrons Ef Muons Fg Taus Lm Ordinary neutrinos Pq Neutrino mass and mixing St Non-standard-model neutrinos, right-handed neutrinos, etc.
Macroscopic quantum phenomena
Dw Charmed quarks Fy Bottom quarks Ha Top quarks Bh Photons Dj Gluons Fm W bosons Hp Z bosons Cp Non-standard-model Higgs bosons Hv Magnetic monopoles Ly Supersymmetric partners of known particles Mz Axions and other Nambu-Goldstone bosons Majorons, familons, etc. Nb Neutralinos and charginos Dr Binding energies and masses Ft Charge distribution Gv Nucleon distributions and halo features Hw Spin, parity, and isobaric spin Jx Spectroscopic factors and asymptotic normalization coefficients Ky Electromagnetic moments Ma Level density Pc Single-particle levels and strength functions Re Collective levels Tg Lifetimes, widths Fe Forces in hadronic systems and effective interactions Cs Shell model Ev Collective models Fw Models based on group theory Gx Cluster models En Angular distribution and correlation measurements Js Multipole matrix elements Nx Internal conversion and extranuclear effects including Auger electrons and internal bremsstrahlung Bw Weak-interaction and lepton Hc Relation with nuclear matrix elements and nuclear structure Cn Many-body theory Ht Optical and diffraction models Nz Hydrodynamic models Pa Thermal and statistical models Cz Giant resonances Dr Statistical compound-nucleus reactions Ky Fluctuation phenomena Dc Photon absorption and scattering Dh Inelastic electron scattering to specific states Mr Muon-induced reactions including the EMC effect Cm Elastic proton scattering Dn Elastic neutron scattering Ep Inelastic proton scattering Fq Inelastic neutron scattering Hs Transfer reactions Kv Charge-exchange reactions Lw Radiative capture De Elastic and inelastic scattering Hi Transfer reactions Kk Charge-exchange reactions Ci Elastic and inelastic scattering Pj Fusion reactions De Coulomb excitation Nq Quark deconfinement, quark-gluon plasma production, and phase transitions Dj Pion elastic scattering Gn Pion charge-exchange reactions Hp Pion-induced reactions Nv Kaon-induced reactions Ca Spontaneous fission Ec Neutron-induced fission Ge Charged-particle-induced fission Jg Photofission Cz Neutron scattering Gd Neutron transport: diffusion and moderation Ak Theory, design, and computerized simulation Bm Fuel elements, preparation, reloading, and reprocessing Kw Radioactive wastes, waste disposal My Reactor control systems Pa Moderators Te Protection systems, safety, radiation monitoring, accidents, and dismantling Dr Research reactors Ft Fast and breeder reactors Av Theory, design, and computerized simulation Cx Fueling, heating and ignition Dh Storage rings Fj Betatrons Hm Cyclotrons Lq Synchrotrons Bx Electron sources Dz Neutron sources Ni Ion sources: positive and negative Rm Sources of radioactive nuclei Ac Beam injection and extraction Bd Beam dynamics; collective effects and instabilities Fh Beam characteristics Hj Polarized beams Hs Neutron spectroscopy Cs Gas-filled counters: ionization chambers, proportional, and avalanche counters Gx Tracking and position-sensitive detectors Ka Cherenkov detectors Mc Scintillation detectors Rg Nuclear emulsions Vj Calorimeters Wk Solid-state detectors Gy Semiclassical methods Hz Group theory Md Perturbation theory Ne Self-consistent-field methods Jf Electron correlation calculations for atoms and ions: excited states Qm Electron correlation calculations for polyatomic molecules Gs Hyperfine interactions and isotope effects Jv Relativistic and quantum electrodynamic effects in atoms and molecules Ks Molecular solids Bi Atomic masses, mass spectra, abundances, and isotopes Dk Electric and magnetic moments, polarizabilities Fn Fine and hyperfine structure Hq Ionization potentials, electron affinities Bv Radio-frequency, microwave, and infrared spectra Dx Magnetic resonance spectra Jc Visible and ultraviolet spectra Rj X-ray spectra Cs Oscillator strengths, lifetimes, transition moments Fw Absolute and relative intensities Jz Line shapes, widths, and shifts Bx Level crossing and optical pumping Cy Atomic scattering, cross sections, and form factors; Compton scattering Dz Autoionization Fb Photoionization of atoms and ions Gc Photodetachment of atomic negative ions Hd Auger effect Pj Optical cooling of atoms; trapping Qk Coherent control of atomic interactions with photons Rm Multiphoton ionization and excitation to highly excited states Wr Other multiphoton processes Ys Weak-interaction effects in atoms Bh General molecular conformation and symmetry; stereochemistry Dj Interatomic distances and angles Fm Bond strengths, dissociation energies Hp Barrier heights internal rotation, inversion, rotational isomerism, conformational dynamics Kr Electric and magnetic moments and derivatives , polarizability, and magnetic susceptibility Mt Rotation, vibration, and vibration-rotation constants Pw Fine and hyperfine structure Ry Ionization potentials, electron affinities, molecular core binding energy Ta Mass spectra J- Ultrafast spectroscopy Bx Radio-frequency and microwave spectra Ea Infrared spectra Fb Raman and Rayleigh spectra including optical scattering Lg Ultraviolet spectra Ni Vacuum ultraviolet spectra Sn Rotational analysis Tp Vibrational analysis Vq Vibration-rotation analysis Wr Vibronic, rovibronic, and rotation-electron-spin interactions Dq Fluorescence and phosphorescence spectra Hv Radiationless transitions, quenching Be Zeeman and Stark effects Fy X-ray photoelectron spectra Ca Oscillator and band strengths, lifetimes, transition moments, and Franck-Condon factors Fd Absolute and relative line and band intensities Jg Line and band widths, shapes, and shifts Be Level crossing and optical pumping Eh Autoionization, photoionization, and photodetachment Gj Diffuse spectra; predissociation, photodissociation Rv Multiphoton ionization and excitation to highly excited states e.
Wz Other multiphoton processes Gj Intermolecular and atom-molecule potentials and forces Bw Energy loss and stopping power Dy Interactions of atoms and molecules with surfaces; photon and electron emission; neutralization of ions Fa Electronic excitation and ionization of atoms including beam-foil excitation and ionization Gb Electronic excitation and ionization of molecules Lf Chemical reactions Bm Elastic scattering Dp Atomic excitation and ionization Gs Molecular excitation and ionization Ht Dissociation and dissociative attachment Lx Recombination, attachment, and positronium formation Nz Spin dependence of cross sections; polarized beam experiments Dr Positronium Gv Mesonic, hyperonic and antiprotonic atoms and molecules Ey Conformation statistics and dynamics Fz Constitution chains and sequences Hb Configuration bonds, dimensions Ng Vibrational and rotational structure, infrared and Raman spectra Ei Phase transitions in clusters Gk Plasma and collective effects in clusters Mr Spectroscopy and geometrical structure of clusters Sx Diffusion and dynamics of clusters Vz Optical properties of clusters De Atom cooling methods Ty Ion trapping